Medical Bills and Your Credit

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Medical bills are the leading cause of bankruptcy according to many financial sources. Unfortunately, many people neglect their medical bills without realizing the impact that those unpaid bills could have on their credit score.

How Medical Bills Can Hurt Your Credit

After you receive medical services, your physician or hospital will bill you for any portion that wasn’t covered by insurance. Just like any other bill, medical bills have a due date. If you don’t pay by the due date, your bill becomes past due. Hospitals will only send you so many past due notices before they give your account to a third-party debt collector to resume collection efforts

When the debt collector receives your medical bill, one of the first things it will do is report the account to one or all of the three major credit bureaus (Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion). The medical collection account is considered a serious delinquency and can remain on your credit report for up to seven years, the maximum amount of time permitted by law.

Your credit score – the number creditors and lenders often use to approve your applications for new loans and credit is based solely on information that’s in your credit report. Since having a collection account on your credit report indicates you have a seriously delinquency in your credit history, your credit score will drop when a new collection is added to your credit report. The more medical collections accounts you have, the lower your credit score will be.

Protect Your Credit from Medical Bills

One of the easiest ways to keep medical bills from impacting your credit score is to pay your bills when you receive them. If you can’t afford to make payment in full, contact the hospital’s billing department to make payment arrangements.

Even if you have health insurance, don’t assume that your insurance company will always handle bills in a timely manner. If you receive a bill that should have been covered by insurance, contact your insurance company to find out why the bill wasn’t paid. It could have been a simple oversight by hospital billing or the insurance claims department. Insurance companies often cover only a certain percentage of medical bills, so you might be responsible for some portion of medical debt after the insurance company has covered its part.

To find out whether you have unpaid medical bills out there, check your credit report.

To be doubly safe, you might contact the hospital or physician’s billing department to check the status of your account, especially if you’ve received any medical services within the past year. Sometimes, just because the medical bills aren’t on your credit report doesn’t mean they don’t exist. By contacting the medical provider, you’ll know for sure whether you have outstanding medical bills that could end up hurting your credit.

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